Hey folks, Glenn May here with BassResource. comand today I’m gonna talk to you about summerfishing. Yeah, that great time when we catch a lotof fish, the weather’s nice and calm, it hasbeen stable now, we got past all those, youknow, those fronts coming through in the spring,not so much rain. It’s a great time to be out on the water. However, a lot of people noticed that thefishing seems to be a lot more difficult. Well let’s talk a little bit about that, let’sfigure out what’s going on. So what happens in the spring is a lot ofthe fish they migrate up into shallow watersto spawn. So the majority of the population is up shallow. So you catch a lot of fish when you castingshallow. In the summer time, a lot of them will moveback out either mid-depths or to deeper water. So a lot of people think well the fish haveabandoned the shallows, they’re gone, yougot to go fish deep. You’re going to find articles that say that,okay. That’s. . . that’s not true. It’s just that the majority of the fish aren’tall up shallow now. Now they’re scattered. This is what happens in the summertime. You’re gonna find a good population of fishthat are shallow, but you’ll also find justas many that will be mid-depth and in deep. So the key is, is trying to find them firstof all and number two is see which ones areactive that day. It’s gonna change. So let’s start off with, with the shallowfish. What I like to do is, is I like to find lakesthat have a lot of vegetation in them. If there’s a lot of hydrilla, a lot of milfoil,coontail, lily pads, any kind of like thisgot a lot of vegetation like that. Those weeds create a lot of oxygen, a lotof shade, lot of shelter and lot of cover. Bait fish naturally go in there, and insectsalso feed and live in there. That’s naturally gonna attract the bass. So those are areas to hit if your lake hasa lot of weeds and stuff, focus on those areasduring the summertime, you’d be really surprisedhow many fish are in there. It just depends on the kind of weeds you have,whether you can hit it with, you know, youget a go punching with jigs and punch throughthat matted vegetation or if it’s just underthe surface, you might be able to bring aspinnerbait over the top of them or shallowdiving crankbait, something like that. But that’s the areas I would target if that’sthe majority of the cover available on thelake. Now if your lake doesn’t have a lot of vegetation,older reservoirs sometimes don’t have that. Now you got to focus more on structure. And what I mean by structure, that’s any kindof contour change on the bottom. You’re looking for humps, ridges, ledges,drop-offs, creek channels, long tapering points,things like that is what you want to lookfor, for structure. Now one of the key things I like to look forwhen I’m looking for structure, I’m lookingon a map or graph, or I’m just driving aroundthe lake and looking. So I like to find structure that’s near flats. It’s got to have a flat nearby someplace,where they can go over and feed and then comeback to that structure and feel comfortablein. So a hump or a point or a ridge, channel,a creek channel that comes in the bend thatgets near a flat, that’s an ideal place tolook. Even if you’re not marking fish on that. . . onthose pieces or structure, definitely fishand you might catch fish there. But don’t just go to any structure and startfishing, “Hey, it’s summertime, I got to fishdeep. So I’m gonna go 30 feet deep and start fishing. “Chances are you aren’t gonna be successfulthat day. What I like to do is when I first launch theboat, I flip on the graph, and I take a lookto see if I can find any bait fish or anyfish activity. Typical bait fish, you find a ball of fishsomewhere, you know, bait fish at a certaindepth. You don’t always get that characteristic,you know, look on your depth finders. So typically what I do is I just try to findwhat’s the average depth where I see most,the most activity?Let’s just say, 15 feet, just for an example,the 15-foot mark. Then I’ll go try to find structure that intersectswith that depth. Be it a hump or some kind of a point, somethinglike that, that’s the area where I’ll targetfirst. I’ll go out and fish that area, and I’ll fisha little bit below and a bit above it to seeif I can’t catch fish there because bass. . . bassare gonna key on the bait fish. They wanna, their ambush, they’re gonna usethat, that structure to ambush those baitfish, so that’s the that’s the depth you wannalook at. You’d be a lot more successful if you justdo a little bit of hunting with your graphand find that sweet spot and then start fishingthose. . . those areas and fish anything thatwould get down to that depth. So if your fishing 30 feet deep, it’s hardto get down there with the spinnerbait, soyou’re fishing jigs, you’re fishing footballhead jigs, you’re fishing Carolina rigs, splitshot, drop shot, anything that gets that baitdown there and work that area. And you have to fish it according to how thefish bite. I’d like to go fast to slow, try to fish thefast moving bait if you’re getting bites,great, but if you’re not, then start slowingdown till you get a bite and again fish inthat depth zone, you’ll figure it out. But even if you find those humps and ridgesand points and whatnot on your map, there’sgonna be a sweet spot on it, and you’re justgonna have to fish it to find that sweet spot. You’re not gonna have guaranteed success thatyou’ve found a hump and start fishing andstart catching fish. Fish those depths and find it when you catcha fish you want to note what depth they wereat and where they were on that that pieceof structure. There might be something there like a rock,like a log, maybe a patch of grass, somethingthat’s holding them and that’s the sweet spot,that’s the spot on the spot, and sometimesyou can load up, fish might be stacked upon that one spot. So pay close attention to where you were,what position with your boat, where you madea cast and lock onto that to see if there’smore fish sitting on that spot, you may finda honey hole there. Now sometimes when I’m fishing a brand newlake, and I don’t know anything about it,I don’t know if it’s got weeds in it or ifit doesn’t or what’s going on, I have no ideawhat the pattern is, I even don’t know howdeep the lake is, is just go fish a point. Fish a long tapering point that goes downinto deep water. Typically, I just launch the boat and thefirst point I come to, I start fishing it. What I’ll do is I’ll start off deep and workmy way in shallow. I don’t want to bring that boat right up ontop of the fish. To fish that shallow water first, I mightspook away all the fish that are positionedon that point. So I start off deep, I’m throwing like a footballhead jig, I’m throwing deep diving crankbaits,Carolina rig or split shot rig. I’ll start off as deep as I need to dependingon depth that. . . how deep that lake is andthen start gradually working my way on up. I’ll work one side of the point and then theother and then across it until I get. . . startgetting shallow where I can start hittingit with different types of baits like spinnerbait,shallow or driving, diving crank baits oreven top water baits. It’s a great way to approach summer if youdon’t have a graph and not sure what’s goingon, I’ve been really successful doing thatat a lot of different lakes. It’s just a great way to start. Now I want to talk a little bit about oxygenlevels. Because that comes up a lot when you’re talkingabout summertime fishing and how that affectspositioning the bass. While it’s true, as the water temperaturerises above 80 degrees and starts gettingwarmer than that, it starts to lose its abilityto hold oxygen. Don’t key on that one factor as being okay,water temperature is 87 degrees that mustmean all the fish are deep. That might not be the case. A couple of things to keep in mind. If there’s lots of wind, you get the waterchurning up, and that’s gonna oxygenate thewater, it’s gonna hold up more oxygen thatway, even though the water temps up. And like I mentioned before, if you’ve gota lot of weeds and grass and vegetation, theyproduce oxygen. They also produce shade, and that means thatthe water underneath those mats of vegetationis a lot cooler, so will hold more oxygen. So you want to fish, even if it’s 80, 90-degreewater temperature, pay attention to thosefactors because there could be a boatloadof fish up in the shallows in those weeds,and you’re out fishing 30 feet deep, and you’rewondering why you’re not catching fish, oryou had a real windy day or it’s windy rightnow and that’s churning up the waves and gettinga lot of oxygen in there and those, that mightmove all the fish up, the bait fish that knockson the zooplankton down, the bay fish moveup, the wind is oxygen in the water, the fishwill be right in there and you can have reallyhigh water temperature. So don’t key on just the water temperatureand think all the oxygen level is low, I betternot fish shallow, you might miss a good bite. The other thing to keep in mind is what somethingthat’s called the thermocline. That sets up on a lot of lakes, not all ofthem. So don’t think that because you can’t findit on your depth finder, it means something’swrong. There are a lot of lakes where thermoclinedoesn’t set up. But what that is, is as the summer progresses,the upper water level, it becomes more dense. When that happens, it’s tougher and tougherfor the oxygen to reach the lower depths ofthe water, of the lower water column. So at some level, you’ll get pretty much evenwater temp, and then they’ll be a short rangewhere there’ll be a quick water temp drop,and then it’ll be a lot colder underneathit. This is the layer. . . this middle layer that’sbasically a barrier if you will between theoxygen. . . water with oxygen in it and the waterbelow it that doesn’t have any. If. . . you can see that on the graph, you’llnotice you’ll see a really kind of a thickline that’s a few feet deep. It’s not black, but it’s like a dark grayline, somewhere it’s just right in the middleof the depth finder. There’ nothing wrong with the depth finder,that’s the thermocline. It’s real important to note that because thewater below that doesn’t have a lot of oxygen,not enough to sustain life, not that the fishwon’t go there, they will for brief stints. They will go down in there, but they can’tstay there for very long. So that means the majority of all the fish,if not all of them, are above that level. It’s important to note that because againif you read the books and say “Oh, I got afish deep in the summertime, I’m gonna gofish 30-40 feet deep, if that’s thermoclinesare 15-foot deep, you’re never gonna get abite. The baitfish aren’t there. No bait fish, no bass, no bites, okay. So you need to pay attention to that thermocline,and this can. . . it can get higher and higherup, and it could be only 7 feet deep, 6 feetdeep in some lakes. This is why sometimes in the summertime, youcan catch a bunch of fish really shallow duringthe heat of the day, the water temps are wayup there. Why are the fish that shallow?Well, it’s because that thermocline is reallyup there and there’s no place else for themto go, even though it’s not ideal, it doesn’thave the ideal oxygen amount but below itis not at all, right?You can’t get below that thermocline, they’renot gonna live very long. So they will move up shallow if they haveto. So you’ve got to pay attention to multiplefactors and trying to figure out what positionsthe fish. The weed cover that’s availability. . . available,the structure, the time of day, oxygen leveland also the sun, that positions the fisha lot too. Look for the shady areas. If you fish say docks and you’re fishing inthe morning, you’re catching fish on one sideof the docks, pay close attention, lot oftimes that’s the shady area of the dock, whileas the day progresses, that shade is gonnashift as that sun moves through the sky, that’sgonna reposition those fish or they mightbe on bushes or trees or what have you. Pay attention to where that shade is as itmoves throughout the day and you can stayon top of those fish. So those are some of the tips for summer fishing. I hope those help. For more tips and tricks like this, visitBassResource. com.